$\frac{\mathrm d^2 \log(\Gamma (z))}{\mathrm dz^2} = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(z+n)^2}$

How do I show

$$\frac{\mathrm d^2 \log(\Gamma(z))}{\mathrm dz^2} = \sum_{n = 0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(z+n)^2}$$?

$\Gamma(z)$ is the gamma function.

Solutions Collecting From Web of "$\frac{\mathrm d^2 \log(\Gamma (z))}{\mathrm dz^2} = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(z+n)^2}$"

Use the hadamard product formula

$\Gamma(z) = \frac{e^{-\gamma z}}{z} \prod_{k=1}^\infty \left( 1 + \frac{z}{k} \right)^{-1} e^{z/k} $

Then, note that

$\frac{d \log(\Gamma(z))} {dz} = \frac{\Gamma'(z)}{\Gamma(z)} $

For an infinite product, there is an easy way to compute this expression. If

$ f(z) = \prod f_n(z)$

then it is not hard to prove that

$ \frac{f'(z)}{f(z)} = \sum \frac{f_n'(z)}{f_n(z)} $

applying this to the Gamma function gives

$ \frac{\Gamma'(z)}{\Gamma(z)} = -\gamma – \frac{1}{z} + \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{-1}{k(1 + z/k)} + \frac{1}{k} $

Then we have to take one more derivative to get

$ \frac{d^2 \log(\Gamma(z))} {dz^2} = \frac{1}{z^2} + \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{(k + z)^2} = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{(z+n)^2} $

Let’s assume the Gauss formula
holds (where $\gamma$ is the Euler–Mascheroni constant). Integrating the identity
yields the series
$$\frac{d\ln \Gamma(a)}{da}+\gamma=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\left(\frac{1}{k+1}-\frac{1}{a+k}\right)$$
which converges uniformly on finite intervals $a\in[0,A]$. Now we can differentiate the latter series in $a$ to obtain that
The differentiation is valid since the resulting series converges uniformly for $a\geq 0.$

Derivation of the Gauss formula.

Using the basic properties of the beta function, we get
Passing to the limit $b\to0$ yields
$$\frac{d\ln \Gamma(a)}{da}=\frac{\Gamma'(a)}{\Gamma(a)}=\lim\limits_{b\to 0}(\Gamma(b)-B(a,b)),$$
$$\frac{\Gamma'(a)}{\Gamma(a)}=\lim\limits_{b\to 0}\int_{0}^{\infty}x^{b-1}\left(e^{-x}-\frac{1}{(1+x)^{a+b}}\right)dx=\int_{0}^{\infty}\left(e^{-x}-\frac{1}{(1+x)^{a}}\right)\frac{dx}{x}.\qquad(1)$$
Identity (1) can be used to define the Euler constant $\gamma$
Subtracting (2) from (1) and using the substitution $t=\frac{1}{1+x}$ we obtain that