Articles of functional analysis

Not every metric is induced from a norm

I have studied that every normed space $(V, \lVert\cdot \lVert)$ is a metric space with respect to distance function $d(u,v) = \lVert u – v \rVert$, $u,v \in V$. My question is whether every metric on a linear space can be induced by norm? I know answer is no but I need proper justification. Edit: […]

Open Mapping Theorem: counterexample

The Open Mapping Theorem says that a linear continuous surjection between Banach spaces is an open mapping. I am writing some lecture notes on the Open Mapping Theorem. I guess it would be nice to have some counterexamples. After all, how can you appreciate it’s meaning without a nice counterexample showing how the conclusion could […]

A compact operator is completely continuous.

I have a question. If $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces, we have to prove that a compact linear operator is completely continuous. A mapping $T \colon X \to Y$ is called completely continuous, if it maps a weakly convergent sequence in $X$ to a strongly convergent sequence in $Y$ , i.e., $x_n\underset{n\to +\infty}\rightharpoonup x$ […]

Is any Banach space a dual space?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Is there always a normed vector space $Y$ such that $X$ and $Y^*$ are isometric or isomorphic as topological vector spaces (that is, there exists a linear homeomorphism between $X$ and $Y^*$)?

Space of Complex Measures is Banach (proof?)

How can we prove that the space of Complex Measures is Complete? with the norm of Total Variation. I have stuck on the last part of the proof where I have to prove that the limit function of a Cauchy sequence of measures has the properties of Complex measures. We are using the norm of […]

Space of bounded functions is reflexive if the domain is finite

Let $C_b(X)$ be a space of bounded continuous functions on a locally compact space $X$ equipped with the supremum norm. How to show that $C_b(X)$ is reflexive if and only if $X$ is finite?

Operator norm. Alternative definition

This question already has an answer here: Equivalent Definitions of the Operator Norm 3 answers

What is $L^p$-convergence useful for?

Why do people care about $L^p$-convergence $f_n \rightarrow f$? Are there any interesting application of $L^p$-convergence? For example, if $p=\infty$, then the limit $f$ of the sequence $f_n$ of continuous function is again continuous. are there any other interesting, useful applications?

Any positive linear functional $\phi$ on $\ell^\infty$ is a bounded linear operator and has $\|\phi \| = \phi((1,1,…)) $

This is a small exercise that I just can’t seem to figure out. When I see it I’ll probably go ‘ahhh!’, but so far I haven’t made any progress. I’d like to prove that any linear functional $\phi$ on $\ell^\infty$ that is positive, i.e. for any $(x_n) \in \ell^\infty$ such that $x_n \geq 0$ for […]

Any two norms equivalent on a finite dimensional norm linear space.

I am trying to understand the proof that every two norms on a finite dimensional NLS are equivalent. I am working with this proof I found on the web: My first question is, do we always assume that the space is over $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$ and not an arbitrary field? Secondly, let $\Phi =\{\phi […]