This question already has an answer here: Decomposition of the tensor product $\mathbb{Q}_p \otimes_{\mathbb{Q}} \mathbb{Q}[i]$ into a product of fields 1 answer

In article solving quadratic congruences, it is shown how to use Hensel’s lemma to iteratively construct solutions to to $x^2 \equiv a \pmod{p^k}$ from the solutions to $x^2 \equiv a \pmod{p}$. The case where $p=2$ is treated separately. While the construction is elegant, it is a tad lengthy and its reliance on Hensel’s lemma makes […]

After Hensel’s Lemma there is the following proposition in my notes: If $p$ is a prime and $m \in \mathbb{N}$ then there is a primitive $m^{th}$ root of unity in $\mathbb{Q}_p$ $\Leftrightarrow m \mid (p-1)$. To prove this proposition we begin as follows: $(\Rightarrow) $ Let $a$ be a primitive $m^{th}$ root of unity in […]

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