Articles of inverse

Inverse function theorem question – multivariable calculus

This is an exercise in Inverse Function Theorem we are given the function $f:\mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$, $f(x,y)=(e^x \cos y,e^x \sin y)$ 1) Show that $f$ is injective around every point in $\mathbb R^2$ – I managed to solve this 2) Find environments around the points $(0,\pi)$ and $(-1,\frac{\pi}{2})$ such that $f$ is […]

Why does Arccos(Sin(x)) look like this??

I can kind of understand the main direction (slope) of $y$ over the different $x$ intervals, but I can’t figure out why the values of $y$ take on the shape of straight lines and not curves looking more like those of sin, cos… EDIT: I understand that the derivative of Arccos(Sin(x)) gives 1 or -1 […]

$\frac{d\Phi^{-1}(y)}{dy} = \frac{1}{\frac{d}{dy}}$?

If $\Phi(y)$ is a monotonic decreasing function is true that $$\frac{d\Phi^{-1}(y)}{dy} = \frac{1}{\Phi'(\Phi^{-1}(y))}$$ If so, how? It works for $y = \Phi(x) = e^{-x}, \quad \Phi^{-1}(y) = -log(y), \quad \frac{d\Phi^{-1}(y)}{dy} = \frac{-1}{y}, \quad $

In which cases are $(f\circ g)(x) = (g\circ f)(x)$?

I have found three cases: 1) If $f$ and $g$ are the same function. 2) If $f$ and $g$ are mutually inverse. 3) If both are polynomials of degree $1$ Maybe there are more.

Why is $x^{1/n}$ continuous?

Why is $x^{1/n}$ continuous for positive $x,n$ where $n$ is an integer? I can’t see how it follows from the definition of limit. And I don’t see any suitable inequalities so is this an application of Bernoulli’s or Jensen’s inequality?

Use Euclid's algorithm to find the multiplicative inverse $11$ modulo $59$

I was wondering if this answer would be correct the multiplicative of $11$ modulo $59$ would be $5$ hence $5\cdot11 \equiv 4 \pmod{59}$. Is this correct?

If $A$ is an invertible skew-symmetric matrix, then prove $A^{-1}$ is also skew symmetric

Let $A$ be an invertible skew-symmetric $(2n \times 2n)$-matrix. Prove that $A^{-1}$ is also skew-symmetric. (You may assume that $(AB)^T = B^TA^T$). I did this with a $2 \times 2$ matrix and got that it worked, but I don’t know how to show it for a general $2n \times 2n$ matrix, as it is a […]

Is $\sqrt{x^2}$ always $\pm x?$

I am wondering if this holds in every single case: $$\sqrt{x^2} = \pm x$$ Specifically in this case: $$\sqrt{\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)^2}$$ In this one we know that the number is positive before squaring, so after removing the square and root shouldn’t we just have: $$\frac{1}{4}$$ Also in a case such as this: $$\sqrt{(\sqrt{576})-8}$$ we have $$\sqrt{\pm24-8}$$ which […]

How adjacency matrix shows that the graph have no cycles?

Let $G$ a directed graph and $A$ the corresponding adjacency matrix. Let denote the identity matrix with $I$. I’ve read in a wikipedia article, that the following statement is true. Question. Is it true, that $I-A$ matrix is invertible if and only if there is no directed cycle in $G$?

Explicit formula for inverse matrix elements

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ invertible matrix with \begin{align} \left(\begin{array}{ccc} a_{11} & \cdots & a_{1n} \\ \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ a_{n1} & \cdots & a_{nn} \end{array}\right)^{-1}= \left(\begin{array}{ccc} b_{11} & \cdots & b_{1n} \\ \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ b_{n1} & \cdots & b_{nn} \end{array}\right) \end{align} Is there an explicit formula […]