Intereting Posts

Cauchy's Residue Theorem with Multiple Gamma Functions
Are there ways of finding the $n$-th derivative of a function without computing the $(n-1)$-th derivative?
How to find sum of power series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{1}{n!(n+2)}$ by differentiation and integration?
Finding $\binom{n}{0} + \binom{n}{3} + \binom{n}{6} + \ldots $
For bounded sequences, does convergence of the Abel means imply that for the Cesàro means?
Understanding tangent vectors
Is every $T_4$ topological space divisible?
How to prove $\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8$?
Decomposing a circle into similar pieces
$\log_9 71$ or $\log_8 61$
Prove that $\lim_{a \to 0^{+}} \int_{0}^{a} \frac{1}{\sqrt{\cos(x)-\cos(a)}} \;dx=\frac{\pi}{\sqrt{2}}$
Definition Of Symmetric Difference
Master Theorem. How is $n\log n$ polynomially larger than $n^{\log_4 3}$
What type of curve is $\left|\dfrac{x}{a}\right|^{z} + \left|\dfrac{y}{b}\right|^{z} = 1$?
Proving binary integers

$$P = \prod_{k=1}^{45} \csc^2(2k-1)^\circ=m^n$$

I realize that there must be some sort of trick in this.

$$P = \csc^2(1)\csc^2(3)…..\csc^2(89) = \frac{1}{\sin^2(1)\sin^2(3)….\sin^2(89)}$$

- Generating functions of partition numbers
- Probability concerning a 6-digit password
- In how many ways can $2m$ objects be paired and assigned to $m$ boxes?
- Dobble card game - mathematical background
- What is the maximum length of a non-repeating word on $n$ letters?
- A question on primes and equal products

I noticed that: $\sin(90 + x) = \cos(x)$ hence,

$$\sin(89) = \cos(-1) = \cos(359)$$

$$\sin(1) = \cos(-89) = \cos(271)$$

$$\cdots$$

$$P \cdot P = \frac{\cos^2(-1)\cos^2(-3)….}{\sin^2(1)\sin^2(3)….\sin^2(89)}$$

But that doesnt help?

- Reducing the form of $2\sum\limits_{j=0}^{n-2}\sum\limits_{k=1}^n {{k+j}\choose{k}}{{2n-j-k-1}\choose{n-k+1}}$.
- Combinations of selecting $n$ objects with $k$ different types
- Number of ways to put N items into K bins with at least 1 per bin?
- Probability that $n$ random points on a circle, divided into $m$ fixed and equal sized slices are contained in less than $m/2$ adjacent slices.
- Largest set of perpendicular vectors
- Nested summations and their relation to binomial coefficients
- Can we get the line graph of the $3D$ cube as a Cayley graph?
- Permutation with constrained repetition: Distribution of random variable “number of pairs of identical elements”
- Combinatorial Identity $(n-r) \binom{n+r-1}{r} \binom{n}{r} = n \binom{n+r-1}{2r} \binom{2r}{r}$
- Number of combinations and permutations of letters

$$\sin(2n+1)x=(2n+1)\sin x+\cdots+(-1)^n2^{2n}\sin^{2n+1}x$$

If we set $2n+1=45,2^{44}\sin^{45}x-\cdots+45\sin x-\sin45x=0$

If we set $\sin45x=\sin45^\circ,45x=360^\circ m+45^\circ$ where $m$ is any integer

$\implies x=8^\circ m+1^\circ$ where $0\le m\le44$

$\implies Q=\prod_{m=0}^{44}\sin(8^\circ m+1^\circ)=\dfrac1{\sqrt2}\cdot\dfrac1{2^{44}}$

$Q^2=\dfrac1{2\cdot2^{88}}$

Clearly, $\{\sin^2(8^\circ m+1^\circ);0\le m\le44\}=\{\sin^2(2r-1)^\circ,1\le r\le45\}$

as $x=1^\circ,9^\circ,17^\circ,25^\circ,33^\circ,41^\circ,49^\circ,57^\circ,65^\circ,73^\circ,81^\circ,89^\circ,$

$97^\circ[\sin97^\circ=\sin(180-97)^\circ=\sin83^\circ],$

$105^\circ[\sin75^\circ]$ and so on

$\cdots$

$m=22\implies8m+1=177\implies\sin177^\circ=\sin(180-3)^\circ=\sin3^\circ$

$\cdots$

$m=44\implies8m+1=353\implies\sin353^\circ=-\sin7^\circ$

I’m using a non-standard notation inspired by various programming languages in this evaluation because I think it’s a bit easier to follow than the traditional big pi product notation. Hopefully, it’s self-explanatory. Also, all angles are given in degrees.

This derivation uses the following identities:

$$

\cos x = \sin(90 – x) \\

\sin(180 – x) = \sin x \\

\sin 2x = 2 \sin x \cdot \cos x \\

\text{and hence} \\

\cos x = \frac{\sin 2x}{2 \sin x}\\

$$

$$\begin{align}

\text{Let } P & = prod(\csc^2 x: x = \text{1 to 89 by 2}) \\

1 / P & = prod(\sin x: x = \text{1 to 89 by 2})^2 \\

& = prod(\sin x: x = \text{1 to 89 by 2}) \cdot prod(\cos x: x = \text{1 to 89 by 2}) \\

& = prod(1/2 \sin 2x: x = \text{1 to 89 by 2}) \\

& = 2^{-45} prod(\sin x: x = \text{2 to 178 by 4}) \\

& = 2^{-45} prod(\sin x: x = \text{2 to 86 by 4}) \cdot \sin 90 \cdot prod(\sin x: x = \text{94 to 178 by 4})

\end{align}$$

$$

\text{But } prod(\sin x: x = \text{94 to 178 by 4}) = prod(\sin x: x = \text{2 to 86 by 4}) \\

\text{Let } Q = prod(\sin x: x = \text{2 to 86 by 4}), \text{so } P = \frac{2^{45}}{Q^2}

$$

$$\begin{align}

Q & = prod(cos x: x = \text{4 to 88 by 4}) \\

& = \frac{prod(sin 2x: x = \text{4 to 88 by 4})}{prod(2 sin x: x = \text{4 to 88 by 4})} \\

& = 2^{-22}\frac{prod(sin x: x = \text{8 to 176 by 8})}{prod(sin x: x = \text{4 to 88 by 4})} \\

& = 2^{-22}\frac{prod(sin x: x = \text{8 to 88 by 8}) \cdot prod(sin x: x = \text{96 to 176 by 8})}

{prod(sin x: x = \text{4 to 84 by 8}) \cdot prod(sin x: x = \text{8 to 88 by 8})} \\

\end{align}$$

$\text{But } prod(\sin x: x = \text{96 to 176 by 8}) = prod(\sin x: x = \text{4 to 84 by 8})$

$\text{Hence } Q = 2^{-22} \text{ and } P = 2^{45} / (2^{-22})^2 = 2^{89}$

- Point on the left or right side of a plane in 3D space
- meaning of integration
- Differentials Definition
- A problem with my reasoning in a problem about combinations
- diagonalize a non-normal matrix , without distinct eigenvalues
- Ordinal arithmetic exercise in Kunen
- Does $\sum_{j = 1}^{\infty} \sqrt{\frac{j!}{j^j}}$ converge?
- Definition of e
- proof of$\frac{\partial^2 f(x,y)}{\partial x\partial y}$=$\frac{\partial^2 f(x,y)}{\partial y\partial x}$
- Cohomology group of free quotient.
- Galois group of $x^3 – 2 $ over $\mathbb Q$
- Characteristic function of the normal distribution
- Subgroups of finitely generated groups are not necessarily finitely generated
- Parametric Equation of a Circle in 3D Space?
- What is linearity?