Why are norms continuous?

Describe why norms are continuous function by mathematical symbols.

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Why are norms continuous?"

A function $f$ from a metric space to a metric space is continuous if for all $x$ in the domain, for all $\varepsilon>0$, the exists $\delta>0$ such that for all points $y$ in the domain, if the distance from $x$ to $y$ is less than $\delta$, then the distance from $f(x)$ to $f(y)$ is less than $\varepsilon$.

If $f$ is a norm, then it maps a vector space into $\mathbb R$, and the distance from $x$ to $y$ is $f(x-y)$.

In this case it suffices to take $\delta=\varepsilon$, for the following reason. Suppose the distance from $x$ to $y$ is less than $\delta=\varepsilon$. Then $f(x-y)=f(y-x)<\varepsilon$ (where the equality follows from the definition of “norm”). Now recall that norms satisfy a triangle inequality:
$$f(x) \le f(y) + f(x-y)$$
$$f(y) \le f(x) + f(y-x)$$
So
$$f(y)-f(x) \le f(y-x)<\varepsilon\text{ and }f(x)-f(y) \le f(x-y)<\varepsilon,$$
so
$$|f(x)-f(y)|<\varepsilon,$$
i.e.
$$\Big(\text{distance from f(x) to f(y)}\Big) <\varepsilon.$$

Let $(X,\left\|\cdot\right\|)$ be a normed space. We need to prove that:
$$\forall (x_n):\mathbb{N}\to X\ x_n\to x\implies \left\|x_n\right\|\to \left\|x\right\|$$
Let $\epsilon>0$ and $(x_n)$ be an arbitrary sequence in $X$ that converges to $x\in X$. Then,
$$\exists N\in \mathbb{N}:n\ge N\implies \left\|x_n-x\right\|<\epsilon$$
But
$$\left| \left\|x_n\right\|- \left\|x\right\|\right|\le \left\|x_n-x\right\|$$
by the triangle inequality. Thus,
$$\exists N\in \mathbb{N}:n\ge N\implies \left| \left\|x_n\right\|- \left\|x\right\|\right|<\epsilon$$
and we are done!

To keep it short and straight to the point: the norm of the normed space $(X,\|\cdot\|)$ is a continuous function because the topology you (usually) consider on $X$ is the smallest topology in which $\|\cdot\|$ is continuous. So it is continuous because we want it to be continuous.